Dvaitamu sukhama

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Lyrics

Pallavi

dvaitamu sukhamA advaitamu sukhamA1
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Is Dvaita comforting or Advaita?

Anupallavi

caitanyamA2 vinu sarva sAkSi
vistAramugAnu telpumu nAtO (dvaitamu)
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O Pure Consciousness! Listen, O Witness to everything!
Please explain to me in detail: (Is Dvaita...)

Charanam

gagana pavana tapana bhuvanAdyavanilO3
nagadharAja zivEndrAdi surulalO
bhagavad-bhakta varAgrEsarulalO
bAga ramiJcE tyAgarAjArcita4 (dvaitamu)
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One happily present in the Five Elements!
And in the Trinity, Indra and the devas,
And in the most eminent of devotees!
One worshipped by Tyagaraja: (Is Dvaita...)

Variations

  • 4tyAgarAjArcita – tyAgarAja nuta.

Commentary

  • 1dvaitamu – advaitamu – The following are the statements of Sri Tyagaraja –
    • In his prologue to dance-drama ‘Prahlada Bhakti Vijayam’:
      saguNa nirguNamula samamugAneJcu suguNa rAma brahma sutuDaina tyAgarAju...
      ....tyAgarAja - the son of virtuous rAma brahma - who considers the worship of Lord with Form and without Form on equal footing...
    • In the Kriti Paramatmudu rAga vAgadhIzwari
      paramAtmuDu veligE muccaTa bAga telusukOrE saguNamulO viguNamulO
      ....Know unerringly the grandeur with which the Supreme Lord is effulgent ... He is found with qualities – sattva, rajas and tamas, and bereft of qualities...
    • In the Kriti Anuragamu leni rAga saraswati
      saguNa dhyAnamu paini saukhyamu
      ....comfort experienced in the meditation on Lord with form (qualities)
    • In the Kriti ‘nI bhajana gAna – rAga nAyaki
      saguNa nirguNa nijamu dabbaralanu ...santasilla kaNTini
      ... truth and falsehood of worship of the Lord with attributes and without attributes ... I beheld exultingly...
    • In the Kriti – ‘sundaratara dEham’ – rAga pantuvarALi, He calls the Lord zrI rAma – ‘zivam-advaitam’ – the auspicious One and the One without dualitiy.
    • In the Kriti ‘rAma sItArAma rAma’ – rAga balahaMsa, –
      advaita sAmrAjyamul(a)bbin(a)TTu rAma
      sad-vairAgyamu nidhiyu sAyujyamE rAma

      In the same manner as attainment of the empire of non-duality, the wealth of real indifference to Worldly pleasures too amounts to one-ness with You.
    • In the Kriti E dari sancharintura rAga zrutiraJjani, He asks the Lord which path he should follow – dvaita or advaita:
      E dAri saJcarinturA-yika balkarA
      anni tAnanu mArgamunanu canaga
      nannu vIDanu bhAramani-yADedavu
      tannu brOvu dAsa varadA-yaNTE
      dvaituD-anedavu tyAgarAja nuta

      Please tell me now as to which path should I adhere. If I go in the path of Advaita – all is Self only, You say that it is difficult to overcome ego; if I pray ‘please protect me, O bestower of boons to the devotees’, You say that I am a Dvaitin.
  • 2caitanyamA – sarva sAkSi – O Pure Consciousness! O Witness of Everything (everybody)! These two epithets go to show the bent of mind of Sri Tyagaraja.
    • Sri Tyagaraja is not the first person to raise such a query. There has been no definitive and final answer for millenniums. The following quotation from aSTavakra gIta is relevant –
kva dharmaH kva ca vA kAmaH kva cArthaH kva vivEkatA |
kva dvaitaM kva ca vA(a)dvaitaM svamahimni sthitasya mE || 19-2 ||


For me, established in my own glory, there is no religion, sensuality, possessions, philosphy, duality or even non-duality. (Translation by John Richards). Source - [Ashtavakra Gita]
  • 3bhuvana – this word generally means living creatures, mankind etc. But this word also means ‘water’. In the context of five elements – ‘water’ seems to be appropriate the meaning.

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